All lifeforms require water to survive. With water covering 71% of the earth’s surface, you would think there is plenty to go around. With many bodies of water becoming polluted, accessibility to clean water for humans, creatures and our environment is becoming harder to find. Our oceans, streams and lakes are filled with plastics, trash, microplastics and chemicals which are poisoning animals. While more research needs to be done, health issues in people are now thought to be linked to exposure to polluted water through swimming, drinking and eating contaminated fish. As a foundation, ISF is focusing on the effects of water in our world today including the effect it has on our environment.
Environment Water Campaign Articles
Many people remember the dreadful day of the BP Oil spill (aka the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill), in the Gulf of Mexico, which killed 11 people, damaged coral and ocean water, and “harmed or killed 82,000 birds, 6,165 sea turtles, and nearly 25,900 marine mammals”11. On April 20, 2010, one mile beneath the surface of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig (leased by BP from 2001-2013), a cement seal gave way and caused the cap on the well to malfunction. Oil began spilling into the ocean. Over the 87 days it took to cap the well, 3.19 million barrels (more than 130 million gallons) spilled into the Gulf.
When people hear the word microbeads, they may wonder what the term actually means. Microbeads are small pieces of plastic which are .5 millimeters or smaller in size. (2) These tiny pieces of plastic are mostly comprised of Polyethylene (PE). (9) Since microbeads are very small, you may not think they can have a negative effect, but they have a lasting effect on the environment. Why are microbeads harmful to the environment? Why are they such a big deal? Why should we know about them? These questions are important because these tiny little pieces of plastic are harming us, those we care about, the environment, animals and our oceans because they become marine litter. (9)
In the last decade, humanity has experienced many major world issues. With the rapid changes in the world’s climate and the increase of heated feuds between nations, world leaders knew they had to take action against these issues. As a result, the United Nations decided to adopt a plan to address some of the most pressing universal problems relating to the environment, economics, and politics.
Each day millions of people purchase drinks from a grocery or convenience store which come in plastic bottles. We may not realize it at the time, but we are affecting our oceans with this plastic. Have you ever walked along the beach or been swimming in the ocean and noticed a piece of trash? Whether a plastic straw or grocery bag, it is making an impact, but not a good one. According to Plastic Oceans1, “more than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year”. This means not only are we polluting the largest part of our world, but we are also affecting the animals living there.